Loss of Smell

Embrace the Crunch: A Journey into Anosmia and Superficial Siderosis

Discovering New Dimensions of Taste Beyond the Sense of Smell

The Unseen Influence of Smell on Taste

Most of us take for granted how our sense of smell enriches our tasting experiences. The joy of savoring intricate flavors vanishes when anosmia, or the loss of smell, sets in. This sudden shift, especially later in life, can be challenging.

Anosmia and Superficial Siderosis: An Unexpected Pair

Superficial Siderosis, which brings about various neurological changes, often presents anosmia as one of its most frustrating symptoms. Preparing meals for someone with anosmia demands careful planning and a dash of culinary creativity. It’s time to embrace the crunch. Gary’s olfactory senses dwindled over a decade, a gradual loss that had its occasional perks but was largely a detriment. The absence of the delightful scents of fresh flowers or enjoying a well-cooked meal was a steep price to pay.

The Risks of Acquired Anosmia

Acquired anosmia can significantly affect an individual’s safety, nutrition, and overall quality of life. From a safety perspective, the sense of smell serves as an early warning system for dangers such as smoke from a fire, gas leaks, or spoiled food. Without this sense, individuals are at a higher risk of exposure to these hazards.

Nutritionally, anosmia can lead to a decreased interest in food due to the loss of flavor enjoyment, resulting in weight loss and malnutrition. The inability to detect certain tastes can also lead to an over-reliance on foods high in sugar or salt to compensate for the lack of flavor, potentially contributing to health issues like diabetes or hypertension.

Furthermore, the loss of smell can have psychological impacts. The sense of smell is closely linked to memory and emotion; losing this sense can lead to feelings of isolation, depression, and a decreased quality of life. It can also affect social interactions centered around food and dining.

The New Culinary Focus: Texture

In this context, the texture becomes incredibly important. Texture provides a new dimension to food, creating a sensory experience beyond basic tastes. The crunch of a crisp apple, the creaminess of a well-made custard, or the chewiness of a perfectly cooked steak can bring enjoyment and satisfaction to eating, even when the full range of flavors can’t be appreciated.

Focusing on texture can help make meals more interesting and enjoyable for those with anosmia. It can also encourage a healthier relationship with food, as individuals may otherwise lose interest in eating due to the diminished flavor experience. By embracing a variety of textures in their meals, those living with anosmia can continue to find pleasure in the act of eating.

The Art of Cooking for Anosmia

Cooking for someone with anosmia is an art that requires creativity, patience, and a deep understanding of the importance of texture and visual appeal in food. When the sense of smell is compromised, the pleasure derived from food’s aroma and nuanced flavors is lost. This makes the texture of food incredibly important. Texture provides a sensory experience that can make eating enjoyable even when the sense of smell is absent.

Overcooking food can lead to a mushy, unappealing, and monotonous texture. It is crucial to avoid this by cooking food just enough to retain its natural texture. For instance, vegetables can be lightly steamed or roasted to maintain their crunch. Meats can be seared to create a crispy exterior while keeping the interior tender.

Combining different textures in a single dish can also enhance the eating experience. Think of a salad with crisp lettuce, creamy avocado, juicy tomatoes, and crunchy croutons. Or a dessert with smooth ice cream and crunchy cookie crumbles. These combinations provide a variety of sensations that can make meals exciting and enjoyable.

Visual appeal is another important aspect of cooking for someone with anosmia. We eat with our eyes first, and a visually appealing dish can stimulate appetite and anticipation. Use various colors, shapes, and arrangements to make the food look as good as it tastes. It’s about creating a sensory experience that brings joy and satisfaction, despite the loss of smell. It’s about understanding that food is more than just fuel, it’s a source of pleasure and comfort, and everyone deserves to enjoy it.

Understanding ‘Taste’ in Anosmia

Understanding taste in the context of anosmia involves a deep dive into the complex interplay between the senses of smell and taste. When we talk about ‘taste’ we often refer to the combination of sensations from the taste buds on our tongue and the olfactory receptors in our nose. True taste, however, is limited to the basic sensations the taste buds perceive: sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and umami.

Umami, a Japanese word meaning pleasant savory taste, is often associated with foods that contain high levels of glutamate, like meats, cheese, and tomatoes. It’s a deep, rich flavor that can add complexity and satisfaction to meals, even without smell.

In contrast, the olfactory system contributes to what we often refer to as flavor. This is the rich tapestry of sensations we experience when food’s smell combines with basic tastes. For example, the difference between vanilla and chocolate, despite both being sweet, is largely due to their distinct smells.

In anosmia, the olfactory system is compromised, which can lead to a diminished sense of flavor. However, the basic tastes perceived by the tongue remain intact. This means that a person with anosmia can still distinguish between sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and umami flavors. They can also perceive the burn of spicy foods and the coolness of mint, which are sensations derived from nerve endings in the mouth rather than taste buds.

Understanding this distinction is crucial when preparing food for someone with anosmia. While the nuanced flavors derived from smell may be lost, meals can still be enjoyable by focusing on food’s basic tastes and other sensory aspects, such as texture and temperature. It’s about maximizing the remaining sensations to create a satisfying eating experience despite losing smell.

Embracing the Crunch: Recipe Ideas for Anosmia

Crunchy, anosmia, fried green tomatoes

The focus is texture and contrast, from cornmeal-crusted fried green tomatoes to roasted tomatoes with balsamic syrup, pesto, and sea salt on grilled sourdough. Ice cream brands with various textures and chunks can offer a satisfying experience.

Adding sweet-spicy glazes to meats or grilled vegetables can enhance their appeal. Balsamic syrup, bitter chocolate, coarse sea salt, hot sauce, and peppers can add a kick to the dishes. The key is to keep experimenting and embrace the crunch.

How We Adapted To Life After Anosmia

anosmia, roasted tomato

My husband, Gary, and I have always had a shared love for the velvety richness of creamy butternut soup. However, since the onset of his anosmia, the texture of pureed soup no longer satisfies his palate. I’ve started roasting a medley of finely diced carrots, onions, celery, mushrooms, and butternut squash to adapt. This method enhances their natural sweetness while preserving a delightful crunch. I savor my smooth, creamy soup while Gary relishes the bursts of sweet, crunchy vegetables.

We’ve also started experimenting with sweet and spicy glazes on meats and grilled vegetables. Balsamic syrup, bitter chocolate, and coarse sea salt have become our go-to flavor enhancers. Hot sauces and peppers have found a permanent place in our pantry, adding a fiery kick to our meals.


One of our favorite culinary creations is a broiled parmesan crust over fish. The cheese transforms into a browned, chewy delight under the broiler, adding an irresistible texture to the tender fish. Gary is particularly fond of fresh mozzarella, lightly salted and broiled until it morphs into a deliciously browned, chewy treat.

embrace the crunch

We’ve learned to play with textures, combining crunchy and creamy elements in our dishes. We grill our food until it’s heavily charred, adding another layer of texture and flavor. A prime example is our grilled carrots. We lightly steam them, glaze them with a honey-hot sauce combo, and grill them over an open flame until they’re charred. The result? A symphony of crunchy, sweet, and spicy flavors in every bite.

In our culinary journey with anosmia, we’ve learned that texture and flavor can coexist beautifully, creating a dining experience that’s both satisfying and enjoyable.

This is an updated version of an article originally published in July 2018

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Rori Daniel

Living With Superficial Siderosis began as a way to keep family and acquaintances updated after my husband Gary was diagnosed with Superficial siderosis in 2014. In 2019, Livingwithss.com became a partner in the Superficial Siderosis Research Alliance. Together our alliance has expanded into research, advocacy, and patient education. Rori Daniel, Editor livingwithss.com,


  1. I used to be like Linda, until three years ago. I would sneeze at the slightest strong odour.
    Then I got a cold, it cleared for a week and then tried to make a come back. So I used a nasal spray to stop it from reoccurring.
    I lost my sense of smell literally overnight. I went to my doctor and I was told that it would possibly take 2 years to come back. No such luck. Its completely gone.

  2. I have the opposite especially when I encounter certain smells. I am allergic to perfume,air fresheners and some flowers. I use unscented products as much as I can. A severe reaction causes my nasal passages to burn and then I get hoarse from swelling in my throat.

    Taste is not so much of a problem although when I go out to eat my friends will remark how good something is and I don’t agree. Of course I keep adding spices to homemade food until it tastes good to me.

    1. Hi Linda,
      Gary spent a number of years complaining of how things never smelled right. He would get a scent stuck in his nose that might linger for weeks. It was never a good one. Then he started smelling phantom odors that no one else could smell. Eventually, even the foul smells faded.

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