Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More is a distinct speech disorder that specifically involves muscle weakness. Speech may be slow, slurred, and require more effort. Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More differs from aphasia because Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More is a motor disorder and aphasia is a language disorder. It is possible to be affected by a combination of types (Flaccid & Ataxic) so Superficial Siderosis patients should consult with a speech and language specialist.
There are five identified types.
- Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More is caused by the dysfunction of cranial nerves and areas in the brain stem and midbrain.
- Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More comes from damaged pathways connecting the cerebellum to other areas in the brain.
- Hypo-kinetic dysarthria is Parkinson’s disease,related
- Hyper-kinetic from damage of the basal ganglia.
- Spastic dysarthria from damage of motor regions in the cortex.
Difficulty in the pronunciation of words is attributed to the neurologic dysfunction of the nerves that control the facial muscles, tongue, lips, and throat. It presents as a slurring of words or speaking slowly. If A diagnosis of Nerve Palsy in Superficial Siderosis cases is... More are also involved you may also have trouble controlling the muscles in your mouth and face. Patients who exhibit Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More will have difficulties pronouncing consonants. The dysfunction of your peripheral nervous system is disrupting the flow between the cranial nerves and brain stem.
- Trigeminal nerve (fifth cranial) supplies nerve function to the chewing muscles
- Facial nerve (seventh cranial) control facial muscles
- Hypoglossal nerve (twelfth cranial) controls the tongue
Sources: Superficial siderosis is a rare neurologic disease characterized by progressive Hearing Loss will affect 95% of Superficial Siderosis patien... More, cerebellar Superficial Siderosis linked ataxia describes the incoordina... More, pyramidal signs, and neuroimaging findings revealing hemosiderin deposits in the spinal and cranial leptomeninges and subpial layer. The disease progresses slowly, and patients may present with When superficial siderosis patients begin to exhibit a notic... More, Nystagmus is a vision condition in which the eyes make repea... More, dysmetria, Spasticity is a condition in which individual muscle contrac... More, Dysdiadochokinesia (DDK) stems from changes to the ce... More, Cerebellar Dysarthria is a distinct speech disorder that spe... More, Hyperreflexia is a sign of upper motor neuron damage and is ... More, and Babinski signs. Additional features reported include Dementia is the progressive decline of cognitive function du... More, Urinary and bladder control problems when hemosiderin has bu... More incontinence, Superficial siderosis acquired anosmia describes the ... More, ageusia, and Anisocoria is when the pupils of both eyes are uneven in siz... More. Superficial siderosis MedGen UID: 831707 •Concept ID: CN226971 •Finding Orphanet: ORPHA247245
¹Spencer, K.A. & Slocomb, D.L. Cerebellum (2007) 6: 58. https://doi.org/10.1080/14734220601145459
²Yorkston KM, Beukelman DR, Strand EA, Bell KA. Management of motor speech disorders in children and adults. 2nd ed. Austin: PRO-ED, Inc.; 1999.