Bilateral Vestibulopathy in Superficial Siderosis Sang-Yeon Lee1, Dong-Han Lee1, Yun Jung Bae2, Jae-Jin Song1, Ji Soo Kim3*
Background: Superficial siderosis (SS) is a rare condition in which hemosiderin, an iron storage complex, is deposited in neural tissues because of recurrent subarachnoid bleeding. Hemosiderin deposition in the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII), brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve can cause sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and postural imbalance, but much remains unknown about the vestibular manifestations of SS.
Objectives: To report the clinical course, cochleovestibular status, and patterns of vestibulopathy during follow-up of a relatively large case series, and to discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanism of vestibular deterioration.
Methods: Six patients diagnosed with SS by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were enrolled. Their medical records and radiological findings were retrospectively reviewed, particularly in terms of progression of the vestibulocochlear manifestations and the radiological characteristics.