Dementia is a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social behavior enough to interfere with daily functioning. Even though a symptom is memory loss, memory loss has different causes. So memory loss alone does not mean you have dementia.

Dementia is the “progressive decline in cognitive function due to organic damage to the cerebellum and parts of the brain. Areas particularly affected include memory, attention, judgment, language, and problem-solving.”

The neuropsychological findings include deterioration of both short term and long term memories of past personal experiences. Memory loss is usually first noticed by a spouse or someone else close.

Difficulty with finding words, reasoning or problem-solving, handling complex tasks, planning and organizing, coordination and motor functions, confusion and disorientation.

Behavioral and speech include personality changes, depression, anxiety, inappropriate behavior, paranoia, agitation, hallucinations and decreased verbal fluency.

It’s estimated 25% of superficial siderosis patients with cognitive difficulties will progress into clinical dementia.

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